Language combinations for technical translations involving Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian:
Eisenmann Translations provides technical translations by experienced specialist translators of Latvian, Lithuanian and Estonian in all technical fields.
All texts are translated by experienced specialist translators of Bulgarian into their mother tongues, as per the native speaker principle.
Latvian is an Eastern Baltic language of the Indo-European language group. Together with Lithuanian and a small minority language, Latvian is the only actively spoken Baltic language. There are 1.4 million native speakers of Latvian in Latvia, amounting to two thirds of the population. Instead, Russian is spoken by 80% of the population because Latvia was part of the Soviet Union from 1939 to 1990.
Latvian developed from Latgallian, a regional dialect in the central region of Latgale in the south east of Latvia, on the border with Lithuania and Belarus. This means that Latvian still displays similarities to Lithuanian.
Since becoming a Member State of the EU, Latvian has grown in importance and, subsequently, so has demand for translations between Latvian and German.
Lithuanian also belongs to the Eastern Baltic languages of the Indo-European language group, but is spoken by more people than Latvian. There are approximately 3 million native speakers of Lithuanian in Lithuania, and more than 1 million living in ethnic communities in Russia, Poland and Belarus.
Lithuanian is comprised of Highland Lithuanian (Auktaitija) and Lowland Lithuanian (Samogitian).
Latvian and Lithuanian are closely related, yet have been separate languages since the 8th Century Lithuania has a language commission for the preservation of language purity, unlike Latvia. This is one reason why Latvian contains far more borrowed words than Lithuanian. Lithuanian has also grown in significance after entering the European Union.
Although Estonia is one of the Baltic States, Estonian is not a Baltic language. Instead, it is part of the Finno-Ugric family, together with Finnish and Hungarian. Although Estonian does not contain many similarities to Hungarian, it shares so many with Finnish that a native speaker of Estonian would not struggle to understand Finnish.
There are three major dialect groups in Estonia: the southern, northern and the north-eastern coast dialect groups. Estonian is spoken by approximately 1 million people in total. Estonia was part of the Soviet Union until 1990, causing the language to be of secondary importance in its own country for a long period. This is no longer the case: currently over 90% of Estonians speak their official language.
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Updated 18 May 2014.